Tram systems in Austria
Austria is officially known as the Republic of Austria and is located in central Europe. Austria is an extremely mountainous country, with only a third of its area being below 500m and is the 113th largest country in the world, with an area of 83,879km2 and the 96th most populous, with a population of 8,857,960 (2018 (estimated)). Austria is divided in to nine federated states, one of which is the capital city Vienna, which is also the largest city in the country.
Austria currently has trams in 5 cities, Gmunden, Graz, Innsbruck, Linz and Vienna and many of the lines have been in operation since they were first opened in the latter part of the 19th century. The system in Linz includes the Pöstlingbergbahn, which is a mountain tramway that has a gradient of 10.6%, making it one of the steepest adhesion-only railways in existence.